Dysentery is defined as the disorder of the digestive tract characterized by the inflammation of the intestine where in the patient passes blood or mucus stained stool, have severe colic pain and formation of ulcers. Dysentery can be acute or chronic in nature. Acute dysentery is characterized by pain in the abdomen, diarrhoea and loose motions. The patient feels a constant desire to evacuate. In dysentery all the digestive processes are disturbed and the secretions are either stopped or changed. In chronic cases, the liver is seriously affected and the patient looses a lot of weight.
- Lack of sanitation and hygiene
- Entry of parasites through contaminated food and water
- Bacterial or viral infections
- Infestation of protozoa or parasitic worms
- Due to chemical irritants
- Due to inflammation of the rectum and large intestine
- Improper diet or due to intake of insufficient diet.
- Drinking too much liquid with meals
- Over eating
- Wrong combinations of food
- Habitual constipation
- Blood or mucus in the stool
- Constant urge to defecate
- Acute pain in the abdomen
- Weakness in the body
- Restlessness in the whole body
- Loss of appetite
- Abdominal distension
- Burning sensation while passing urine
- Feeble and weak pulse
- Rapid breathing
- Pale look of the patient
AYURVEDIC VIEW AND TREATMENT ACCORDING TO CHANDIGARH AYURVED CENTRE
According to Ayurveda, dysentery is compared with Pravahika. Continuous consumption of indigestible food that is oily, heavy, dry and cold food, including the Agantuja causes vitiation of vata and kapha.
Colon is the seat of the vata dosha. Vitiated vata dosha causes disturbance in the colon with pain and vitiated kapha dosha causes strotas avrodha or the blockage of the channels. Hence the colon becomes weak and cannot digest or absorb the food properly and produce more mucus leading to the condition of Pravahika. Four types of Pravahika are described in the Ayurveda.
Single herbs that are found to be beneficial in dysentery are:
- Bael fruit
- Coriander seeds
- Black night shade
- Chebulic myrobalan
- Indian pennywort
- Indian gooseberry
- Ribbed gourd seeds
- Curry leaves
- Indian hemp
Ayurvedic formulations useful in dysentery are:
- Kutaj Parpati Vati
- Kutaj Bilwa Syrup
- Dadimashtak Churna
DIET AND LIFESTYLE
- Drink 8-10 glasses of water every day to prevent dehydration.
- Carry clean, filtered or boiled water while travelling.
- Wash all fruits and vegetables before consuming.
- Take in milk, boiled rice and sugar.
- Fruits with a sour taste like pomegranate, citrus fruits and amla are useful in the case of dysentery.
- Avoid fried foods, ghee and other fats, chillies and heavy meals.
- Avoid meat and its preparations.
- Avoid cold bath.
- Curd mixed with rice is highly beneficial in curing dysentery.
- During a severe attack, the patient is advised complete bedrest.
- Take a handful of coriander leaves and crush them to make a paste. Add one glass of water and heat the mixture for 2-3 min. strain the mixture and drink it lukewarm.
- Crush two teaspoons of fenugreek seeds and add a bowl of curd to it. Mix well and eat 2-3 times every day.
- Take 8-10 curry leaves and crush them to make a paste. Then press on the sieve and extract the juice. Add one teaspoon of honey and have this two times a day.
- Make a combination of powdered dried ginger root, black pepper, long pepper and amla powder in equal quantities. Take one teaspoon of this powdered mixture with lukewarm water twice a day.
- Take 1-2 teaspoons of the pulp of a ripe bael fruit with water two times a day. It is very helpful in relieving dysentery.
- Chew equal parts of the tender leaves of peepal leaves, coriander leaves and sugar to relieve the condition.
- Powdered seeds of the mehendi plant mixed with ghee should be made into small balls and take twice daily with water.
- Eat dates or kharjur to cure dysentery.
- Take in roasted cumin seeds with honey after meals to overcome dysentery or loose motions.