Kachnar (Bauhinia variegata) – Benefits, Medicinal Usage and Properties

INTRODUCTION

Kachnar (Bauhinia variegata) is grown all over India in beautiful gardens and its self grown trees are found in forests, in the Himalayan valleys and in lower hilly region. Based on the flower types its three main varieties are identified as purple rose: Bauhinia purpurea, white to purplish: bauhinia variegata and yellow flowered: Bauhinia tomentosa. Yellow flowered trees are large in size and grow in hilly areas and its flowers and leaves are larger than the other two varieties. For medicinal purposes generally the white to purplish: bauhinia variegata is used which is described here but in properties all three are the same. This is why if one variety is not available the other variety can be used. Bauhinia acuminata white flower is also used as an ornamental garden plant.

APPEARANCE

Trees are 15-20 ft. tall with soft branches which bend downwards bark is one inch thick rough brown and white in color. Leaves are alternate 2-6 inch long 3-7 inch wide bifurcated and rounded. Leaves are heart shaped the curve in front part is so deep that it gives the appearance as if two leaves are joined together. Flowers are big white purple or pink where the inside parts are yellowish in color. Fruits are to 1 inch long flat slippery strong and slightly curved. Leafless plant bears flowers in February – March and fruits in April –May.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

The bark contains tannin sugar and a brown colored sticky gum like liquid.

PROPERTIES

Kachnar (Bauhinia variegata) purifies and cleanses ulcers and wound it is a healer coagulant can cure sprue and irritable bowel syndrome. It purifies and checks the bleeding cures obesity. It is anti-dermatitis, cures urinary disorders bleeding diathesis gandmala and lymphatic inflammation.

FRUIT

Kachnar (Bauhinia variegata) Fruit are light, dry and have binding properties and cure pitta, vaginal discharge, phthisis, tuberculosis, bronchitis and bronchial asthma. It cures disorders of blood.

MEDICINAL USAGE AND BENEFITS

MOUTH DISORDERS:-

Gargle with its bark’s decoction or cold or hot infusion, it cures all types of mouth disorders.

LOOSE MOTION:-

Give 2-5gm powder of its dried fruits with water 3-4 times a day. It controls loose motion.

SWELLING OF LIVER: –

Give 10-20gm decoction of bark of root of yellow bauhinia every morning and evening. It cures swelling of liver.

DYSURIA:-

Give 5-10gm powder of its dried fruits. It cures dysuria.

DIARRHOEA DUE TO INDIGESTION:-

  1. Give 5gm powder of dried leaves of yellow bauhinia followed by 2 teaspoonful of aniseed juice. It cures diarrhea due to indigestion.
  2. Take 10 gm of its flower {still buds} and boil them. Give this water twice a day to the patient.

INTESTINAL WORMS:-

Take 20 gm bark of yellow bauhinia and boil in 400 ml water till water is reduced to 1/4th. Give this decoction to the patient. It kills the worms in the intestines.

WORM INFECTED WOUNDS:-

Grind the seeds of yellow bauhinia in vinegar and apply the paste on the wounds. It kills the germs and worms in the wound and ulcers.

STOMATITIS:-

  1. Prepare decoction of its bark with flowers of pomegranate tree. Use this decoction to gargle. It cures the boils.
  2. Take 50 gm inner bark of the tree and boil in half liter water till water is reduced to half. Use this water to gargle. It helps cure boils, which couldn’t be cured with any other medication. It also cures boils of women suffering from purpureum period.

MULTINODULAR TUBERCULOSIS:-

  1. Take 10-20 gm bark and boil in 400ml water till water is reduced to 1/4th. Give this water to the patient. It cures multinodular tuberculosis.
  2. Add 1 gm dry ginger powder in 20 gm decoction of its bark. Give this water to the patient every morning and evening.
  3. Give 10-20 gm decoction of its bark or flowers with honey twice a day. It cures multinodular tuberculosis and also purifies blood.
  4. Mix 250 gm bark powder with 250 gm sugar. Give 5-10 gm of this mixture every morning and evening with milk or water.

DYSPEPSIA:-

Give decoction of 10-20 gm of its root every morning and evening it cures dyspepsia.

FLATULENCE:-

Give the decoction of its root with 3 gm. Ajwain powder. It cures the swelling of stomach due to indigestion.

CHRONIC CONSTIPATION:-

  1. Give 5-10 gm jam of its buds to the patient.
  2. Give 2-5 gm powder of its dried flowers with sugar. It loosens the motions.

BLEEDING PILES:

  1. Take 2-5 gm powder of its dried buds and mix equal amount of sugar candy in it. Give this to the patient with butter, 2-3 times a day. It cures bleeding piles.
  2. Boil the bark of jambol, soapnut tree and bauhinia and rinse the affected area with this water.
  3. Jam of bauhinia buds is also beneficial in curing bleeding piles.

DIARRHOEA :-

It buds are cool and have binding properties. Cook them and give to the patient. It helps cure diarrhea.

Nirgundi (Vitex Negundo) – Benefits, Medicinal Usage and Properties

NIRGUDATI SBAREERAM RAKSHBATI ROGEBHYAB TASMAD NIRGUDI”, means: that which protects the body from diseases is known as nirgudi. Wild Nirgundi plants are found almost everywhere. When its leaves are crushed they emit a typical foul smell. It is a very famous medicnal herb for vata related problem. Based on flower types, there are two varieties of this plant – blue and white flowered. Blue flowered plant is called nirgudi, but the white flowered plant is called siduwar.

APPEARANCE

Its 6-12 feet tall, multi branch bushy plant is covered with very fine hairs. The bark of stem is thin and the leaf stalk is long and 3-5 leaves grow at its tip. The edges of the leaves are plain or serrated. The flowers are small in 2-3 inch long inflorescence and are blue or white with purple tint. The fruits are small, round, and of mixed colour white and back. The bark of the root is green outside and yellow inside.

PROPERTIES

It suppresses kappa vata, alleviates vata and relieves pain. It enhances intellect. Its paste when applied externally, relieves pain, cures oedema and swelling, and cleanses and heals ulcers and wounds. It is anthelmintic and kills worms and micro organisms. When used internally, it is anti-pyretic and cures bronchial asthma. It cures urinary problems and due to its warmth it is emmenogogue. It is anti- dermatoses and cures itching. It is anti- physical strength. It cures eye and nose related disorders and cures otorrhoea.

MEDICINAL USAGE

Mental Disorders:-

Give 2-4 gm powder of its fruits, 2-3 times a day. It cures disorders of nasal passages and mind.

Headache:-

Grind its leaves and prepare cake of the paste and tie it on ear lobes. It cures headache.

  1. Use its decoction for gargles. It cures all the throat and mouth related disorders.
  2. In case of boils in mouth, apply its oil on tongue, mouth and lips. Also mix oil in lukewarm water and keep this water in mouth for some time.
  3. In case of sourness and swelling of throat, mix its oil in slightly warm water to gargle. It cures the throat problems.
  4. Use its oil on lips to cure the cracks and dryness of lips.

Ear Problems:-

In case of pus in ear, put 1-2 drops of its medicated oil mixed with honey, in the ear.

Multinodular Tuberculosis:-

Grind its paste and take its nasya. It cures multiondular tuberculosis.

Teething in children:-

Tie its root in child neck. It causes early teething in the child.

Fever:-

Boil its 20 gm leaves in 400 ml water till water is reduced to ¼. In the resulting decoction add 2 gm peepal powder and give 10-20 gm of this decoction to the patient , 2- 3 times a day. It cures fever, chronic rhintic and deafness.

Chronic Rhinitis Arthritis:-

Boil its 10 gm leaves in 100ml water and give this to the patient every morning and evening. It cures fever, chronic rhinitis and arthritis.

Digestion Power:-

In case of swelling of the stomach caused by indigestion or accumulation of wind and stomach pain, give 10 ml juice of its leaves with 2 black peppers and ajowan, every morning and evening. It enhances the digestion power and relieves the stomach pain. It helps to release the gas and cures swelling of the stomach caused by indigestion or accumulation of wind.

Menstrual Cycle:-

In case of irregular or incomplete menstrual cycle give 2 gm powder of its seeds every morning and evening. It normalizes the menstrual cycle.

Diseases of Liver:-

In case of malaria fever if the liver of the patient enlarges, give 2 gm powder of nirgudi with 1 gm black myrobalan and 10 gm cow urine or give 2gm Nirgudi powder with 500mg black kutki and 500mg rasot, every morning and evening.

Fever Due to Cough and Swelling of Lungs

In case of fever due to cough and swelling of lungs, give juice of its leaves or give decoction of its leaves with 1gm peeper powder mixed in it, to the patient.

Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia) – Usage, Dosage and Medicinal Properties

Giloy

INTRODUCTION

The plant is known as amrita which means one that never dies it is a creeper like thick bush and is found heights upto 1000 ft above sea level. Its stem is quite thick and looks like rope. Several aerial roots grow from the soft stem and branches. It has yellow and green flowers that grow in bunches. The leaves are soft and similar to those of betel the fruits are like peas. In India, it is found in Kumayun to Assam, Burma, Bihar, Cancan to Karnataka and Ceylon. It clings to trees and whatever tree it climbs on it acquires the properties of that tree. That is why tinospore that grows on neem tree is considered to be the best.

APPEARANCE

Tinospora is typically found in forests, at raised boundaries of agricultural fields, on rocks where it ceerps up like a serpent. It is also found on mango and neem trees. The leaves are alternating and are heart- shaped like betel. They are alternating and smooth; the outer layer is very thin and one can see the meshes inside; the stalk is 1-3 inch long. There flowers grow in summer in small yellow bunches. The seeds are white, smooth and a little bent lik`e those of chili.

PROPERTIES

It cures tridosas. Being unctuous, it control vata, bening bitter and astringent, it controls kapha and pitta. It is anti-dermatoses, relives pain, Quenches thrist, control vomiting.

MEDICINAL USAGE

Eye Problems:-

  1. Take 11.5gm juice of Tinospora and mix 1gm each of honey and rock salt in it. Apply this in eyes. It cures cataract, sclera itching and sclera & corneal disorder.
  2.  Prepare decoction of Tinospora juice and triohala. Mix peepal powder and honey in it and give this to the patient every morning and evening. It improve the eyesight.

Vomiting:-

  1. In case of vomiting due to travelling in sun or due to pitta, give 10-15 gm Tinospora juice with 4-6 gm sugar mixed in it to the patient every morning and evening.
  2. Give 125-250 ml of tinospora with 15-30 gm honey mixed in it thrice a day. It cures even the severe vomiting.

Ear Wax:-

Grind tinospora in water and warm the water put 2 drops twice daily in ears . it cleanses the ears.

Hiccoughs:-

Give nasya of powder of tinospora and ginger root. It stops hiccoughs. Or prepare hima of tinospora and ginger root powder and give this to the patient mixed in milk.

Jaundice:-

  1. Give 20-30 gm of its decoction with 2 teaspoonful honey mixed in it 3-4 times a day.
  2. Grind its 10-20 leaves and mix in a glass of butter milk. Strain the solution and give this to the patient in the morning. It cures jaundice.
  3. Prepare garland of its small pieces and let the patient wear it. This is also beneficial in curing jaundice.

Anaemia:-

  1. Take equal quantities of spreading hogweed bark of neem patol patra, ginger root, katuki, tinospora, darubaridra and barad. Take 20 gm of this mixture and boil in 320 ml water till water is reduced to 80 ml. Give 20 ml of this decoction to patient every morning and evening. It cures swelling stomach disorders pain in the flanks bronchial asthma and anaemia.
  2. Take 1 litre tinospora juice 250 gm paste of stem bark 4 litre milk and 1 kg buffalo ghee. Cook the mixture on low heat till only ghee is left. Strain the solution and store. Give 10 gm of this ghee in 40 ml cow milk every morning and evening. It cures jaundice anaemia and chronic jaundice.

Fever With Bodyache:-

Take equal quantities of root bark of bilwa, Arani, Gambhai and Tinosopra, Indian gooseberry and coriander. Give 20-30gm decoction of these item twice a day.

Karela (Bitter Melon) – Usage, Dosage and Medicinal Properties

Karela (Bitter Melon)

INTRODUCTION

Its many properties are well known to all diabetic patient, who especially consume its juice and its cooked dish. The following text details about its many more properties.

APPERANCE

Generally, it is grown all over India. Its stem is soft and hairy. Leaves are 1-5inch broad, round with deep serrated corner and are divided into 5-7 section. Flowers are shiny, yellow in colour. Fruits are 1-5 inch long and thick from middle and pointed towards both the ends.

PROPERTIES

According to Kaiydev Nighuntu:-

It is bitter and vata karak. It promotes digestive functions, is purgative, bitter and cold. It is aphrodiastic and light pittakarak. It cures cough anaemia infection of wound burning sensation dermatoses and is anti-pyretic.

According to Bhava Prakash:-

It is cool purifies excretory system purgative slightly bitter and does not cause vata. It cures fever blood disorders cough jaundice diabetes and is anthelmintic.

MEDICINAL USAGE

Headache:-

take 10-12 ml juice of its leaves and mix cow ghee and juice of pitta papada apply this paste on the forehead. It cures headache.

Eye Disorders:-

In case of haziness and night blindness take a rusting iron vessel. Rub the juice of its leaves and a black pepper in it and apply it as eyeliner in the eyes and also apply it around the eyes.

Ear Pain:-

warm the juice of its fresh leaves or fruits and put a few drops in the ear.

Stomatitis:-

Mix chalk powder in its juice and apply on the boil in mouth.

For Vomiting:-

Give 10-12 gm juice of leaves with little amount of vinegar or rock salt mixed in it. It causes vomiting and purgation and cures the disorders.

Swelling of Throat:-

Grind dried fruit in vinegar warm the paste and apply on throat. It cures the swelling of throat.

Galactogogue:-

Boil its 20 gm leaves and give to the lactating woman. It increases the production of milk and purifies blood.

Arthritis:-

Give 10-15 ml juice of its leaves or fruits with mustard seeds and salt mixed in it. It is beneficial in curing arthritis.

Ascites:-

Give 10-15 ml juice of its leaves with honey mixed in it. It is beneficial in curing ascites.

Jaundice:-

Give 10-15 ml juice of its leaves with black myrobalan grinded in it. It is beneficial in jaundice.

Nausea in Children:-

Give 6 gm juice of its leaves with turmeric mix in it it causes vomiting thus resulting in cleansing of the stomach.

Bleeding Piles:-

give 50 -100 ml decoction of the upper thick part its root with sugar mixed in it every morning and evening .

Piles:-

Grind its root and apply the paste on the boils of piles.

Menstrual Cycle:-

Take 10-15 ml juice of its leaves and mix powder of ginger root black pepper and peepal in it. Give this to the patient thrice a day. It purifies menstrual cycle.

Diabetes:-

  1. It is very beneficial in curing diabetes. It activate the pancreatic cells and enhances the production of insulin. Shade- dry the fruits and prepare its fine powder. Give 3-6 gm of this powder with water or honey.
  2. Give 10-12 gm juice of its fresh fruits regularly. The fruit can also be cooked and given to the patient.
  3. Give the same treatment for blood purification also.

Calculus:-

Mix 30gm juice of its green leaves with 15gm curd and give this to the patient followed by 50gm butter milk. Continue this for 3days and then stop for next 3 days. Again continue this for 4 days and then stop for next 4 days. Similarly continue this for 5days.

Skin Problems:-

  1. Mix its whole plant, cinnamon, peepar and rice in oil of wild almonds and apply this oil on affected area. It cures itching and such related skin disorders.
  2. Apply the juice of its leaves on the head. It cures boils. Paste of its root is beneficial in curing small boils, acne and eruption.

Burning Sensation:-

Apply the juice of its leaves on the lower side of the foot. It relieves the burning sensation.

ADVERSE EFFECT

In case excess quantities, it causes dryness. Hence, in case of excessive intake, give rice and ghee.

Harad / Haritaki (Terminalia chebula) – Properties, Medicinal Usage & Health Benefits

harad, properties, medicinal, usage

INTRODUCTION

Harad tree is hilly areas and forests up to heights of 5000 ft basically it is found in lower Himalayan areas from ravi banks to western Bengal, assam and in the forests of high land areas. The tree is 80-100 ft tall and very thick according to sushrat and charak samhitas, harad is of 6 types.

APPEARANCE

The trunk of the tree is very long and is 7-1 ft thick. The bark is dark brown. Leaves are 4-9 inch long and 3-5 inch wide, hanging down in clumps, and oval in shape. The shape is very similar to that of malmbar nut. The stem of the leaves has two knots at the apical end. Leaf has are 7- 9 pairs of veins. The flowers are small, yellowish and grow on long white clusters.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

The fruit has 25-33 tannin. Most important of salts of tannin are addition, 17 amino acids and small amounts of phosphoric, scenic, quininc and shikimik acids. As the fruit ripe, the quantity of tannin decreases, the amount of toxins increases.

PROPERTIES

It is dry, warm ,slightly sweet and cures tridosas. It is bitter, an astringent and so cures pitta and cough. Because of its salts, it is beneficial in curing gastric problem. It is dry and warm and promotes digestion and intelligence. It is beneficial for eyes and health and promots longevity. It promotes physical strength and cures gastric problem. It is beneficial for bronchial astma, breathlessness, urinary disorders, piles, dermatoses, sprue and irritable bowel syndrome, constipation, flatulence, ulcers and wounds. It also helps cure fatigue, hiccoughs, throat and heart related disorders, anaemia, pain, tympanitis, jaundice and other liver disorders.

MEDICINAL USAGE

Migraine:-

Grind its seed with warm and apply the paste on forehead. It cures migraine pain.

Headache:-

Crush and soak 20 pieces of big harad bark in water for three days under the sun. On fourth day, crush the bark and strain the solution and add 11 pieces of big harad bark in it for three days. Mix 600 gm sugar powder in it and prepare squash. Give this to the patient. It cures headache and gastric disorders.

For Teeth:-

Use its powder to brush the teeth it makes the teeth clean and free of any infection.

For Eyes:-

  1. Soak harad in water over night and use this water to rinse the eyes next day morning.
  2. Soak its kernel in water for 12 hours. Then grind them and use this solution as eyeliner. It prevents cataract of eyes.
  3. Grind its bark and apply in eyes as eyeliner. It cures watering of eyes

Faintness:-

Prepare harad decoction and medicated ghee. Give this to the patient. It cures giddiness and faintness.

Expectorant:-

Give 3-6 gm harad everyday. It is useful in releasing phlegm in case of severe and infected cough.

Mouth Problem:-

Boil 11 gm harad in half litre water till water is reduced to 1/3. In the remaining decoction, add some alum and give this solution to gargle. Keep this water in mouth for some time. It cures mouth and throat related problem and also controls bleeding in mouth and throat.

Cough:-

  1. Prepare decoction with harad, leaves of Malabar nut, raisin, green cardamom and mix honey and sugar in it give this to the patient in small quantities after short intervals it controls cough bronchitis and bronchial asthma.
  2. Prepare powder with equal quantities of harad and ginger root give 2-5 gm of this powder with warm water to the patient every morning and evening. It cures bronchitis asthma and jaundice.

Wounds:-

  1. Rinse the wound with its decoction. It shrinks the wound.
  2. Mix 1-2 gm harad ash with 5-10 gm butter and apply it on the wound.

Baheda (Bibhitaki, Terminalia Belerica) – Benefits, Medicinal Usage and Properties

INTRODUCTION

 

Baheda (Bibhitaki, Terminalia Belerica) is found all over India, especially in the lower hilly areas. The plant sheds its leaves in Feb.-mar and bears new, copper colored tender leaves. It bears fruits in may which ripen in the following January- February.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

The fruits contain tannin, B-sitosterol, galic acid, chebulasic acid, mannitol, glucose, galactose, fructose and ramnose. A yellow colored, shining, oil comes from the seeds kernel. The bark contains tannin.

PROPERTIES

It cures tridosas and is mainly used for curing cough related disorders. It is beneficial for the eyes, hair and cures jaundice, voice disorders, nasal problem, blood disorders, throat and breathing problem. It is anthelmintic.The seeds of the fruits help to cure eye problem. The bark is useful in anemia, liver disorders like jaundice and white ieucorrhoea. The seed is bitter and a toxicant. It cures thrist vomiting, vatta and also helps cures bronchitis. The fruits peel cures cough. It mainly affects the throat ans air passages. The seeds are analgesic and cure swelling and oedema also. Its excessive quantities may lead to vomiting. Herbs like baheda, Indian goosebeery, and black harad are beneficial in curing cough and vaginal problems. They purify milk and are digestive in nature.

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES

  • GUNA (Quality) – Laghu, Ruksha
  • RASA (Taste) – Kashay
  • PRABHAV(Impact) – Chedan
  • VIPAK (Metabolism) – Madhur
  • VIRYA (Potency) – Ushan

MEDICINAL USAGE & BENEFITS

Hair:-

Oil of the fruit kernel is extremely nutritive. It strengthens hair.

Eye Power:-

Mix equal quantities of baheda and sugar. Take this mixture every day. It cures pain in eyes.

Pain in Eyes:-

Prepare a paste of the bark with honey and apply on the eyes. It cures pain in the eyes.

Headache:-

Prepare 40-40 gm decoction of baheda and jawasa. Add 1b teaspoonful ghee in the decoction; give this to the patient thrice a day. It cures pitta and kapha fever. It also controls dizziness.

Heart Problems:-

Take equal quantities of powder of its fruit and Ashwagan.Take 4 gm of this mixture and mix with jiggery. Give this to the patient with warm water. It cures heart problems due to vata.

Mouth Dripping: –

Mix 2-1 ½ gm each of bahada and sugar. Give for a few days. It cures mouth dripping disorder.

Cough:-

  • Suck the peel of baheda.It controls cough.
  • Cook Malabar nut, black salt and bahada in goat milk and then give it the patient. It cures dry and wet cough.

Breathlessness and Asthma:-

Take equal quantities of baheba bark and grind to from a fine powder. Give 3 gm of this powder to the patient. It cures cough and asthma.

Loss of Appetite:-

Take 3-6 gm powder of fruits after meals. It enhances digestion power and cures loss of appetite. It also strengthens the stomach.

Dysuria:-

Take 2-3 gm seeds of fruits and mix it with honey. Give this to the patient every morning and evening. It cures dysurea and stones.

Chyluria:-

Grind baheda, rohidi, kutaj, kaith, chattiban, Sal and Kabila flowers to form powder. Take 2-4 gm of this powder with 1 teaspoonful honey and give it to the patient 2-3 times a day.

Impotency:-

Take 2 gm baheda powder and add 6 gm jiggery patient every morning and evening. It enhances sexual desire and eliminates impotency.

Diarrhea:-

  • Take 1-4 gm tree bark, 1-2 cloves and grind them in 1 teaspoonful honey. Give this to the patient 2-4 times a day. It controls loose motions.
  • Take 1-2 roasted baheda it cures chronic diarrhea problem.

Tumor:-

Roast peel of Baheda in castor oil and grind it in strong vinegar. Apply this paste on the tumour. Within 1-3 days, the tumour gets cured.

Inflammation of Liver:-

  • Apply paste of baheda kernel. It dissolves and spreads out the swelling.
  • Apply the baheda paste on the eyes.

Fever:-

Drink 30-40 gm decoctions of beleric every morning and evening. It cures kapha, pitta and fever.

Liver problems:-

Apply oil of fruits kernel. It is beneficial in liver problems. It is also an effective pain reliever. Massaging by this oil also cures itching and burning sensation of skin.