Amenorrhoea – Types, Causes, Symptoms & Ayurvedic treatment


Amenorrhoea is the absence of menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age. A woman usually menstruates after every 23 to 35 days. Women who have missed atleast three menstrual periods in a row have amenorrhoea. It is a normal feature in prepubertal, pregnant and post menopausal females. Physiological state of amenorrhoea is seen,most commonly, during pregnancy and lactation. Apart from the reproductive years there is absence of menses during childhood and after menopause.

For a woman to have regular menstrual cycles, her hypothalamus (that stimulates the pituitary gland), pituitary gland (that releases luteinzing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone which influence the production of estrogen and progesterone that control cyclic changes in the lining of the uterus), ovaries and uterus must be functioning properly. Her cervix and vagina must also have a normal anatomy.



1. Primary Amenorrhoea:-

When a woman has not had her first menstrual period by the age of 16 years, it is known as primary amenorrhoea or delayed menarache. This is common in teenage girls who:

  • Are very thin or very athletic
  • Are underweight
  • Have not experienced the normal puberty related rise in body fat
  • Have genetic problem
  • Have abnormal female reproductive organs

2. Secondary Amenorrhoea is seen in:-

  • Pregnancy
  • Breast feeding
  • Menopause
  • Emotional or physical stress
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Strenuous exercise
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Premature ovarian failure
  • Hysterectomy



  • Excess body and facial hair
  • Acne
  • Lowering of the voice
  • Altered sex drive
  • Changes in the breast
  • Breast milk secretions
  • Weight gain or weight loss
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin and hair
  • Worry and anxiety
  • Headache
  • Muscular and neural pains


According to Ayurveda, imbalance of sharirik dosha mainly Vata and Kapha and mansik dosha Raja and Tama are responsible for amenorrhoea.

Normally, the food we eat is digested by the digestive fire and is converted into rasa dhatu. This rasa dhatu nourishes the successive dhatus and other tissues of the body. Artava or menstrual blood is a part of this rasa dhatu. But when the digestion is impaired, instead of the healthy rasa dhatu, ama or toxins are produced. This ama accumulates in rasavahi srotas (which carries the nutrient plasma) or aartavavahi srotas (which carries the menstrual flow) and blocks them stopping the flow of menstruation, which leads to amenorhoea.


  • GhritKumari or Aloe Vera
  • Kakmachi
  • Bhumi Amalaki
  • Punarnava
  • Kutki
  • Shatavari
  • Triphala
  • Vidari kanda
  • Wild Yam


  • Punarnava Mandoor
  • Kumari Asava
  • Loha asava
  • Dashmoola Arishta
  • Aarogya Vardhini Vati
  • Raja Pravartini Vati
  • Pushyanuga Churna
  • Ashoka Arishta
  • Shatavari Kalpa
  • Dhatri Rasayan
  • Saubhagya Shunthi Pak


  • Take plenty of milk, fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • Strive for balance in work, recreation and rest.
  • Avoid hard to digest and junk foods.
  • Avoid ice creams, cold drinks and lots of raw vegetables.
  • Eat warm, nutritious and easily digested foods like khichadi and soup which give the gastrointestinal tract a rest and facilitate cleansing.
  • Drink filtered or boiled water.
  • Avoid taking alcohol.
  • Avoid salty and dry foods.
  • Sweet, sour and salty tastes nourish vata dosha.
  • Regular meditation and relaxation techniques are important to reduce mental stress.
  • Daily oil massage can be helpful in maintaining the imbalanced dosha.
  • Take deepana dravyas like cinnamon(is a good choice because of its demulcent and stimulating properties ), dried ginger( works as an emmenogogue), turmeric( helps to regulate menses by decongesting the liver).
  • Abhyanga, shirodhara, svedana therapies are beneficial as they pacify Vata dosha and provides nourishment to the system.
  • Apart from above therapies, anuvasana and uttara bastis help to encourage healthy downward movement.


  • Boil a teaspoon full of saffron in half a cup of water and reduce it to about a table spoon and this should be taken in a day by dividing it into three parts. Saffron is a powerful antioxidant that can treat chronic inflammatory conditions as well as reduce stress that may be causing amenorrhoea
  • Fomentation with hot and wet towel or hot water bag should be done around the pelvis to get relief from the pain and menstrual cramps
  • A cup of black beans should be boiled in 5 cups of water and a half cup of this juice should be taken before meals. This regulates the menstrual cycle.
  • Drinking 2 to 3 glasses of tomato juice is said to improve blood circulation and treat amenorrhoea.
  • Raw beetroot of fresh beetroot juice is considered an effective treatment for amenorrhoea.
  • Foods such as papaya, seasame seeds, ginger and bitter gourd can increase the internal body temperature and improve ovulation. This in turn can result in regular periods.
  • Mix half a teaspoon of cinnamon in a glass of milk and drink this everyday for weight loss. Weight loss is important to ensure regular menstruation
  • The herb pennyroyal is one of the best natural remedies for amenorrhoea. It stimulates the reproductive system and encourages menstruation.
  • Soak a teaspoon of fenugreek seeds in water overnight. Drink this water in the morning to get relief from amenorrhoea.
  • Unripe papaya is a great home remedy for the treatment of amenorrhoea. It helps in the contraction of the uterus and helps in getting rid of amenorrhoea.
  • One teaspoon of aloe vera juice with a pinch of black pepper is used for the treatment of amenorrhoea.


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Ayurvedic Treatment for Allergies, Herbal Remedies



An allergy is defined as the response of the body’s immune system to normally harmless substances or allergens. Common allergens include pollen, food, metals, insect stings and some medications. The problems caused are hay fever, food allergies, atopic dermatitis, allergic asthma and anaphylaxis.



Food Allergy

  • Milk allergy
  • Egg allergy
  • Wheat allergy
  • Nut or peanut energy
  • Fish allergy
  • Soya allergy
  • Casein allergy

Seasonal Allergy

  • Spring allergies
  • Summer allergies
  • Winter allergies

Pet Allergies

  • Dog allergy
  • Cat allergy

Other Allergies

  • Allergic rhinitis or hay fever
  • Allergic conjunctivitis
  • Hives or urticaria
  • Allergies to poison Ivy, Oak and Sumac
  • Allergies to insect or bee sting
  • Mold allergy
  • Pollen allergies
  • Sun reactions to the skin
  • Aspirin allergy
  • Cosmetic allergy
  • Nickel allergy
  • Drug allergy
  • Dust allergy
  • Chemical allergy
  • Penicillin allergy


The symptoms of allergy vary depending on the type of allergen.


  • Sneezing
  • An itchy, runny or blocked nose
  • Itchy, red and watering eyes
  • Wheezing
  • Chest tightness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • A raised, itchy and red rash
  • Swollen lips, tongue, eyes or face
  • Sickness
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Dry, red and cracked skin

In rare cases, an allergy can lead to a severe allergic reaction, called anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock, which can be life threatening. Symptoms of anaphylaxis include:

  • Swelling of the throat and mouth
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Confusion
  • Blue skin or lips
  • Collapsing and losing consciousness


According to Ayurveda, an allergy is caused by the particular substance or the allergen aggravating a specific dosha: Vata, Pitta or Kapha. Ayurveda therefore classifies allergies according to dosha.


Vata type of allergies are experienced in the digestive tract with symptoms such as:

  • Burping
  • Bloating
  • Digestive discomfort
  • Gas
  • Gurgling intestines
  • Abdominal pain
  • Wheezing or headache
  • Sneezing
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Joint pain
  • Sciatica
  • Muscle spasm
  • Insomnia

When vata is aggravated and causes allergy, it is important to keep warm, stay hydrated and eat a vata pacifying diet. Vata types of allergies are cured by Ginger or Licorice tea with an added drop of ghee. To bring back vata into balance, use calming herbs such as Ashwagandha, which is an immunomodulator that calms the immune system’s response to allergens. Another useful tool in calming vata is performing a self-massage or Abhyanga.


  • Rash
  • Headache
  • Burning or red eyes
  • Inflammation in the sinuses (sinusitis)
  • Inflammation in the airway (bronchitis)

To pacify Pitta allergy symptoms, ayurveda recommends to ingest cooling herbs such as Coriander, Shatavari, Guduchi, Amalaki and Neem. Ingestion of clarified butter or ghee can calm the inflammatory reaction of pitta imbalance. These herbs contain healthy anti inflammatory and anti oxidant properties that support our immune system.


Typical kapha allergy symptoms include:

  • Congestion
  • Running nose
  • Watery eyes
  • Sneezing
  • Heaviness and excessive mucus in the head and sinuses
  • Sluggishness
  • Tiredness

Treatment that help relieve Kapha allergy symptoms include the use of pungent and bitter or astringent herbs and spices, including Ginger, Pepper, Basil, Cumin, Cardamom, Turmeric and Cinnamon. An easy remedy to reduce Kapha type allergy is drinking hot honey water or ginger lemon tea. Trikatu can also be taken daily to pacify kapha allergy symptoms.


Chandigarh Ayurved Center has come up with Allergy Care Kit that perfectly helps in getting rid of this situation.

Allergy Care Kit


  • Take 250 ml carrot juice. Add 100 ml beetroot juice. Add 100 ml cucumber juice. Mix well. Have it once a day. This helps reduce allergic reaction and soothes existing allergies.
  • Take one glass lukewarm water. Squeeze half lemon in it. Add one teaspoon honey. Mix well. Drink on an empty stomach.
  • Warm water gargling with salt helps to treat allergens.
  • For inflamed eyes use the mixture of lime, mallow and chamomile tea.
  • Quince, honey and lemon show a good impact on the throat.
  • Take peppermint tea for congested and inflammatory nose.
  • Apply paste of sandalwood and lime juice on the affected allergic area.



  • Take extra amount of water.
  • Bitter substances should be taken regularly.
  • Avoid extra amount of proteins and fat.
  • Avoid difficult to digest food.
  • Avoid the types of food which irritate your skin.
  • Clean your body regularly.
  • Wash your eyes with cold water.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Avoid excess sun rays.
  • Avoid chemical based creams.
  • Use sun glasses to prevent the contact from allergens.
  • Keep your room pollution free.
  • Remove old and dusty carpets from your room.
  • Practice Sarvangasana and Pranayam.
  • Eliminate dairy products from your diet.
  • Eat warm and cooked foods.
  • Practice nasya therapy. Nasya lubricates dry nasal passage and keeps allergens away from directly irritating the nasal lining.
  • Use herbal supplements and spices particularly ginger, cinnamon, turmeric and black pepper.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Allergic Rhinitis – Causes, Symptoms & Herbs

ayurvedic cure for allergic rhinitis


An allergen is a harmless substance that causes an allergic reaction. Allergic rhinitis, commonly known as hay fever, is an allergic response to specific allergens such as grass, dust and mould. Pollen is the most common allergen.

Body releases histamine whenever it encounters an allergen. Histamine is a natural chemical that defends our body from the allergen. This chemical causes allergic rhinitis.

Allergic rhinitis is a type of inflammation in the nose which occurs when the immune system over reacts to allergens in the air. Many people with allergic rhinitis can also suffer from asthma, allergic conjunctivitis or atopic dermatitis.


Factors that cause or aggravate allergic rhinitis are:

  • Outdoor allergens such as pollens from grass, trees and weeds
  • Indoor allergens such as pet hair or dander, dust mites and mold
  • Irritants such as cigarette smoke, perfume and diesel exhaust
  • Cosmetics
  • Laundry detergents
  • Cleaning solutions, pool chlorine, car exhaust and other air pollutants


When a sensitive person inhales an allergen, the body’s immune system may show following symptoms:

  • Stuffy nose due to blockage and congestion
  • Increased nasal discharge
  • Problems with smell
  • Sore throat
  • Puffy and swollen eyelids
  • Itching mainly in the nose, mouth, eyes, throat or skin
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Sneezing
  • Cough
  • Infection in middle ear
  • Skin allergies
  • Eczema
  • Asthma
  • Fatigue and irritability
  • Headache


According to ayurveda, allergy or sheet pitta is caused to the imbalance of Pitta dosha due to low immunity and toxins present in the body. Ama increases the levels of Pitta and Kapha in the body, thus giving rise to different symptoms of allergies. Ayurveda considers this as a Kapha-Pitta disorder.


  • Add a slice of ginger, black pepper and cardamom while preparing tea
  • Take two spoons of Apple cider vinegar and a bit of honey mixed in a glass of cooled boiled water early in the morning.
  • Taking two tablets of Guduchi thrice a day or consuming tea made of camphor, cloves and basil for about two weeks will help in preventing the aggravation of kapha dosha, thus relieving allergic rhinitis.
  • Turmeric is the best spice to treat allergic rhinitis. Using few pinches of turmeric in diet is the best way to keep allergic rhinitis.
  • Take Aloe vera juice daily one hour before breakfast
  • Boil half teaspoon of Amla fruit powder with one teaspoon of honey. Take twice a day.
  • Boil half teaspoon of freshly grated ginger in milk. Add one fourth teaspoon of turmeric powder. Take 2-3 times a day.
  • Prepare a decoction by boiling half teaspoon licorice root powder, one fourth teaspoon black pepper powder and one teaspoon of freshly grated ginger along with 8-10 basil leaves in a cup of water. Reduce the liquid to half. Add half teaspoon of sugar and drink lukewarm in the mornings and evenings.
  • Use one drop of nasya thailam in each nostril daily.


Chandigarh Ayurved Center has come up with Allergy Care Kit that perfectly helps in getting rid of this situation.

Allergy Care Kit


  • Avoid heavy, stale and junk foods, cool drinks and dairy products including cheese and yoghurt that increase kapha and decrease digestive fire.
  • Have freshly prepared and warm food.
  • Cover your nose in dusty environment.
  • Practice Bhramara mudra (place your index finger at the base of your thumb. Touch the tip of your thumb beside the fingernail of the middle finger. Extend your ring and little fingers. Focus your attention and breathe as deeply, slowly and smoothly as possible. Hold for 10-15 minutes 2 to 3 times a day before food).
  • Deep breathing or regular practice of Anuloma Viloma Pranayam and Kapalabhati can also prevent from allergic rhinitis.
  • Keep windows closed during high pollen periods; use air conditioning in your home.
  • Keep your living space clean to avoid dust and dust mites.
  • Wash your hands after petting any animal.
  • Drink plenty of water to liquify the mucus and elimination from the body.
  • Keep yourself away from mental and physical stress because stress is one of the major causes of attacks of allergic rhinitis.
  • Sufficient humidity should be present in the atmosphere to prevent attacks of rhinitis because dry air may produce symptoms of allergic rhinitis.
  • Take adequate rest

HIV AIDS – Causes, Symptoms, Herbs & Ayurvedic treatment

AIDS, Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, HIV


AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a syndrome which is caused by the virus HIV (Human immunodeficiency Virus). The virus after entering the body starts destroying CD4+ cells, a type of white blood cells that help to fight infection and disease. As a result the immune system gets weak and the person becomes more susceptible to infections and other diseases.


HIV is transmitted through following ways:

  • By sharing contaminated needles and syringes
  • By having vaginal, oral o anal sex with the HIV infected person
  • Through blood transfusion
  • Infected pregnant women can pass HIV to their babies during pregnancy, delivery and through breast feeding.


The major symptoms include:

  • Loss of appetite or anorexia
  • Weight loss
  • Lethargy
  • Susceptibility to allergies
  • Skin irritation and body rash
  • Breathing disorders, often leading to tuberculosis of the lungs
  • Damage to the intestine resulting in diarrheoa, dysentry and gastritis
  • Prolonged fever
  • Sleeplessness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Aching muscles and joint pain
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Ulcers in the mouth or on the genitals
  • Night sweating


According to Ayurveda, AIDS disease may be correlated with OJAKSHAYA which means loss of energy and in later stages it can be correlated with RAJYAKSHAMA.

The disease is caused by dominant kapha dosha. Kapha dosha along with other doshas tend to block the path for the flow of rasadi dhatus in their respective locations which leads to deterioration of sapta dhatus, thus resulting into the disease.

Ayurvedic treatment has proved to be beneficial in this disease without showing any side effects. The main goals in the ayurvedic treatment are:

  • Strengthening the patient’s immunity with tonics and rejuvenators called rasayan. The tonics boost the patient’s immunity level, strengthen the system and stimulate the appetite.
  • Purifying the blood in various ways, with the help of different medicines.
  • Corrective measures are adopted to improve the condition of the liver.
  • Ayurveda also recommends to increase the intake of ghee in diet. It also asks to avoid spicy and oily food. Ghee is recommended in the diet because it helps to eject or drive out the toxins from the body through purgation or emesis.
  • Moderate intake of alcohol is also recommended since it has positive effects in removing blockages in the flow of rasadi dhatus and help in smooth flow of the blood.
  • Patient should also do vigorous exercise. Heavy exercise heats up the blood and this helps in fighting against the viruses. If the patient is incapable of excercising or running due to weakness, then steaming or swedan is also recommended.

The following are some of the ayurvedic medicines that improve and help in making progress for the AIDS patients:

  • Chayavanprash: It is the most useful and most popular rejuvenator tonic or rasayan in ayurveda which increases Oja and restores the digestive, excretory, respiratory and reproductive systems.
  • Raktavardhak medicines help in building immunity
  • Sookshma Triphala tablets help in keeping away the infection

Herbs that are beneficial in AIDS patient are:

  • Amalaki – Emblica officinalis
  • Bhumiamalaki – Phyllanthus niruri
  • Yashtimadhu – Glycerrhiza glabra
  • Shatavari – Asparagus racemosa
  • Ashwagandha – Withania somnifera
  • Tulsi – Ocimum sanctum
  • Mandukparni – Centella asiatica
  • Kutki – Picrorrhiza kurroa
  • Saariva – Hemidesmus indica
  • Manjishtha – Rubia cordifolia
  • Haridra – Curcuma longa
  • Punarnava – Boerhavia diffusa
  • Pippali – Piper longum
  • Chitrak – Plumbago zeylenica

The above mentioned herbs have anti-viral, immunomodulating and adaptogenic properties that help in maintaining cellular metabolism at an optimum level.


Since HIV affects the immune system, one can be at a greater risk of developing food borne illness. So one can protect himself from food related illness by:

  • Limiting sweets, soft drinks and foods with added sugar
  • Including proteins, carbohydrates and a little fat in all meals and snacks
  • Avoid eating raw eggs, meats or seafood and unpasteurized dairy products
  • Washing fruits and vegetables thoroughly before consuming
  • Washing hands, utensils and cutting boards with soap and water after each use
  • Eating healthy foods: take fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains and protein rich diet. Healthy foods help keep you strong, give you more energy and support the immune system
  • Get immunizations: This prevent infections such as pneumonia and the flu.
  • Quit smoking
  • Water safety is also required as water can carry a variety of parasites, bacteria and viruses. Drink boiled or filtered water.

Herbal Remedies for Acne vulgaris – Causes & Symptoms

Acne vulgaris

Acne vulgaris or acne is a long term skin disease that occurs when hair follicles get clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. It occurs mainly in adolescents. It commonly starts during puberty between the age of 10-13 yrs and tends to be worse in people with oily skin. Acne occurs in both the sexes, although teenage boys tend to have the most severe cases. Acne lesions are most commonly seen on the face. They can also be seen on the neck, chest, back, shoulders and upper arms.


There are a number of factors that are responsible for causing acne:

  • Genetic: The predisposition to acne vulgaris for specific individuals is likely explained in part by a genetic component
  • Hormonal: Hormonal activity that occurs during menstrual cycles and puberty, may contribute to the formation of acne.
  • Infections: Propionibacterium acne is responsible for causing acne.
  • Diet: Oily food contribute in the development of acne
  • Smoking
  • Psychological factors
  • Hereditary: If one of your parents had severe acne, then it is likely that you develop acne
  • Pressure: In some patients, pressure from helmets, collars, suspenders aggravate acne
  • Drugs: Some medications like iodides, bromides, steroids and anti-convulsant medicine can cause or aggravate acne
  • Occupations: Exposure to industrial products may cause acne
  • Cosmetics: Many cosmetics and skin care products can cause acne
  • Acne is also caused due to over production of skin oil or sebum which is produced by a gland at the root of the hair follicle
  • Irregular shedding of dead skin cells resulting in irritation of the hair follicles of the skin
  • Age: Teenagers are more prone to develop acne
  • Disease: Long term chronic illness or regular gastrointestinal problem or hormonal disorders can increase the severity of acne problem in girls
  • Personal hygiene: Uncleanliness contribute to the development of acne
  • Stress: Emotional stress can contribute to acne
  • Environment: Polluted environment and sweating contribute to the development of acne


Acne symptoms vary depending upon the severity of the condition:

  • Whiteheads: Closed and plugged pores
  • Blackheads: Open and plugged pores
  • Papules: Small red and tender bumps
  • Pustules: Papules with pus at their tips
  • Nodules: Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin
  • Cystic lesions: Painful, pus filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin


Ayurveda explains acne in the form of Yuvana Pidika. Yuvana means youth and Pidaka means a skin eruption. Hence, it mainly affects youth. Due to the above mentioned factors when the vata and pitta dosha increases in the body, the rakta dosha and mamsa dhatu gets vitiated. This causes constant irritation in the localized areas such as face, neck, chest and back and as a result multiple small elevated lesions are manifested. These eruptions are named as Yuvana Pidika in Ayurveda.


  • Wash thoroughly by lukewarm water three or four times a day
  • Use blood purifying and detoxifying herbs that have astringent and bitter tastes. These tastes help to dry up the oil and have anti bacterial effect that help in cleansing and healing the acne and quickly.
  • Coolants and mind soothing medicines are of great help
  • Complexion enhancers like turmeric or sandal wood paste should be used
  • Hormone balancing therapy is required if the cause is hormonal imbalance
  • Easily digestible foods should be taken
  • Intake of raw vegetables like carrot and cucumber should be enhanced in the diet
  • Avoid exposure to excess bright sunlight
  • Take fruits like guava, apple and pear in your diet
  • Sleep atleast 6-7 hours at night
  • Anti -stress techniques like Pranayam should be undertaken
  • One must avoid excess spices that increases Pitta
  • Avoid pricking or touching the acne area repeatedly which would otherwise lead to worsening of infection.


  • Prepare a fine paste of the tender leaves of guava, mango and pomegranate and apply over the acne lesions regularly. This is helpful for those with oily skin. It helps to reduce the spots and increases the glow of the skin.
  • Crush well red ixora flowers and rose petals and make a fine paste of it. To this add little turmeric and grind well. This helps to relieve the scars caused due to acne.
  • Dry the outer skin of the lemon and convert it into ash. Mix this with little buttermilk and apply the same over the acne lesion. Repeated practice of this helps in reduction of the acne lesions
  • Apply neem paste or neem turmeric paste in case of cystic acne or when there is local skin infection
  • Grind down an orange peel into a mixture of water and directly apply it to the acne region
  • Rub grated cucumber over eyes, face and neck to prevent acne
  • Prepare paste by adding cinnamon powder and apply over the affected area
  • Prepare and apply paste of black pepper, lal chandan and jaiphala
  • Local application and intake of coconut water helps in acne


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Herbal Remedies for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)


Gastrooesophageal means stomach and esophagus. Reflux refers to flow back or return. Therefore, Gastroesophageal reflux disease refers to the return of the stomach’s contents back to the esophagus.

At the entrance of the stomach, there is a valve which is a ring of muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter. Normally this sphincter closes as soon as the food passes through it. If it does not close or remains open, acid produced in the stomach move up in the esophagus. This causes burning chest pain. If this symptom happen more than twice a week, then the patient experiences acid reflux disease, which is known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

So GERD is defined as the chronic condition of mucosal damage caused by stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the esophagus. If it occurs occasionally it causes heartburn but if it occurs repeatedly it causes esophagitis and sometimes Barrett’s esophagus.


One common cause of acid reflux or GERD is the hiatal hernia. This occurs when the upper part of the stomach and LES move above the diaphragm, a muscle that separates stomach from chest. The diaphragm performs the function of keeping the acid level in the stomach. But if one has hiatal hernia, acid can move up into the esophagus and cause symptoms of acid reflux disease.

Other symptoms include:

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Eating large meals or taking rest after meal
  • Snacking close to bedtime
  • Drinking beverages like alcohol, carbonated drinks, coffee or tea
  • Eating certain foods like citrus, tomato, chocolate, mint, garlic, onion or spicy or fatty foods.
  • Smoking
  • Being pregnant
  • Taking aspirin, ibuprofen, certain muscle relaxers or blood pressure medications
  • Zollinger –ellison syndrome, which can be present with increased gastric acidity due to gastrin production
  • A high blood calcium level, which can increase gastrin production leading to increased acidity
  • Scleroderma and systemic sclerosis
  • Prolonged intake of prednisolone medicine
  • Visceroptosis in which the stomach has sunk in the abdomen upsetting the motility and acid secretion of the stomach


Common symptoms seen in adults of acid reflux include :

  • A burning pain or discomfort that may move from your stomach to abdomen or chest or even up to the throat
  • Regurgitation: a sour or bitter tasting acid backing up into the throat or mouth
  • Bloating
  • Bloody or black stool or vomiting
  • Burping
  • Dysphagia
  • Hiccups
  • Nausea
  • Weight loss without any reason
  • Wheezing, dry cough, hoarseness or chronic sore throat
  • Reflux esophagitis – necrosis of esophageal epithelium causing ulcers near the junction of the stomach and esophagus
  • Esophageal strictures- persistent narrowing of the esophagus caused by reflux induced inflammation
  • Barrett’s esophagus – intestinal changes of the epithelial cells from squamous to intestinal columnar epithelium of the distal esophagus
  • Esophageal adenocarcinoma- a form of cancer
  • Sinusitis, recurrent ear infections and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

GERD may be difficult to detect in children and infants. Although symptoms vary from typical adult symptoms. GERD in children may cause:

  • Repeated vomiting
  • Effortless spitting up
  • Coughing and other respiratory problems such as wheezing
  • Inconsolable crying
  • Refusing food
  • Failure to gain appropriate weight
  • Bad breath
  • Burping


According to Ayurveda, acid reflux is a result of aggravation of pitta dosha. Pitta is an ayurvedic word that symbolizes heat or fire. It is hot, intense, acidic and pungent in nature and is mainly situated in the stomach. Aggravated pitta leads to increase of acidic contents in the stomach fluids. Actually the reflux of the stomach’s liquid contents into the esophagus occurs in most normal individuals. In such patients, refluxed liquid contains acid more often due to aggravated pitta which leads to acid reflux.


  • Avoid tea, coffee and carbonated or alcoholic beverages
  • Avoid processed and fermented foods
  • Avoid using garlic, ginger, onions, tomatoes and vinegar in cooking
  • Avoid sour, salty and spicy food
  • Curd should also be avoided
  • Take meals in a relaxed atmosphere and at regular intervals
  • Practice Yoga and Pranayam such as Vajrasana, Bhujangasan, Salabhasan, Bhastrika Pranayam, Shitali Pranayam and Shitkari Pranayam
  • Diet should consist of milk with sugar and a little old rice
  • Barley, wheat, cucumber, bitter gourd, pumpkin, pomegranate and cow’s milk
  • Eat dinner 2-3 hours before sleeping time as it keeps one healthy
  • Fiber rich diet is essential as it helps in digestion
  • Eat small meals more often as it helps in digestion
  • Avoid eating the next meal until the prior meal has been digested
  • Avoid foods that are rich in oils and fats. These foods are difficult to digest so they may make the stomach release more acids
  • Avoid eating excessive fried, fatty, junk foods
  • Avoid taking Maida or bakery products
  • Avoid taking frozen foods and chilled drinks
  • Avoid drinking water after meals


  • Make a powdered mixture of equal parts of rock candy (mishri), fennel and green cardamom. Whenever you feel heartburn, mix 1 teaspoon of powdered mixture in a glass of cold milk and drink.
  • Mix together equal parts of powdered fennel, licorice root, basil leaves and coriander seeds. Have half teaspoon of this mixture with half teaspoon of powdered rock candy (mishri) 15 minutes before lunch and dinner.
  • Grind two cardamom. Add 250 ml water to it. Boil the mixture for 15 minutes. Sieve and drink the water.
  • Chew 5-6 basil leaves after meals
  • Chew a clove to lessen the discomfort
  • Drink a glass of chilled milk to get rid of the burning feeling of severe acid reflux
  • Take ginger root extracts mixed with honey. This provides great relief in GERD
  • Mix 1 teaspoon cumin powder in one glass of water and drink early in the morning. This controls the gas formation and prevents GERD
  • Soak 5-7 almonds in water overnight. In the morning, remove the skin and eat the almonds
  • Intake of Aloe Vera juice is quite effective


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