Frozen Shoulder – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Ayurvedic Treatment

To add up your information, frozen shoulder is also known as Adhesive Capsulitis. Frozen shoulder affects the shoulder joint. Pain and stiffness in the shoulder are the main signs of frozen shoulder. The effect may get worse and even last up to years!

Do you know the shoulder joint is made up of 3 bones which form a ball and a socket joint? The three bones include;

  1. Upper arm
  2. Shoulder blade
  3. Collarbone

The tissue that surrounds the shoulder joints is called shoulder capsules also gets affected.

With time the capsule becomes stiff and thick making it difficult to move. The liquid which keeps the joint lubricated lessens due to stiffness, as a result, the movement gets limited.

Symptoms of Frozen Shoulder

The prime symptoms of frozen shoulder are pain and hardening of bones which adds a lot of difficulty in moving the shoulder.

Your shoulder pain may worsen at night making it hard even to sleep.

Let’s have a look at the symptoms of frozen shoulder.

There are 3 stages of frozen shoulder:-

1. Freezing Stage (Painful Stage)

The movement of the shoulder becomes limited and causes pain. The duration lasts for 6-9 months.

2. Frozen Stage (Adhesive Phase)

The hardness of the shoulder increases making it more difficult to move. However, the pain lessens.

3. Thawing stage (Recovering Phase)

Thawing stage lasts for about 6 months-2 years. The level of motion may improve and the pain may decrease.

Causes of Frozen Shoulder

Did you ever wonder why frozen shoulder occurs? Why it becomes so painful with time?

Well, we will give you all the answers!

The capsules that act as a connective tissue to our shoulder joint thickens and tightens with time, making the movement restricted.

Let’s see what Ayurveda think about Frozen Shoulder.

In Ayurveda, frozen shoulder id referred as APABHUKA. It is a disease that generally affects the ASMA SANDHI (Shoulder Joint).

Do you know which Dosha is imbalanced?

It is generated by Vata Dosha and the stiffness in your joints is related to Kapha Dosha.

You must know that the tightening and thickening of joint occurs because of following:-

  • Any injury on or around the shoulder
  • Excess use of joints (weightlifting)
  • If you are a patient of diabetes, then frozen shoulder may occur.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis, Cervical Spondylosis

As per Ayurveda, we will discuss some more causes

External Causes

If you ever had an injury on the vital part of the body or around the surrounding of joint, it may increase the risk of frozen shoulder.

Internal Causes

If you’re taking in abundance bitter and constringent tasty food, the frozen shoulder may occur.

If you have any of the following diseases, the occurrence of the frozen shoulder may increase:-

  • Thyroid Problem
  • Tuberculosis
  • Lung disease
  • Breast Cancer
  • Open heart disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Diabetes

Do you know 70% of patients with frozen shoulder are females! Ladies, be careful.

You should know, if you are 40 years old or more, then the occurrence of frozen Shoulder is higher in you than others.

Diagnosis of Frozen Shoulder

Diagnosis of frozen shoulder can be done in following ways:-

Physical Examination

  • Degree of pain
  • A movement that increases pain
  • Whether the pain affects sleep or not

Medical Examination

  • X-RAY: It is performed to identify the bone-related problems.
  • MRI: It is used to check whether there is any damage to soft tissue.


Medical Science

Non-Surgical Treatment: Non-steroidal Anti Inflammation Medicine NSAIDs:-

They include Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Diclofenac, and Lyser D which acts as a pain Killer.

Steroid Injection

It is injected into the shoulder joints. It decreases pain and reduces inflammation.


Shoulder Arthroscopy: Do you know doctors cut the extra tissue which is developed in the shoulder joint capsulitis to reduce the inflammation and pain? The extra layer that causes the Frozen shoulder is cut out too so that the blood flows to all the nerve channels.

Ayurvedic Treatment

Frozen shoulder (APABAHUKA) is a Vata Dosha. You must know that the hardness of shoulder is because of Kapha Dosha.

Ayurveda considers Frozen Shoulder to the Vata Aggravation.



A complete body massage is given with organic herbal oils that help in relieving pain. Abhyangam lubricates the joints and boosts blood circulation.


Nasyam refreshes some important parts of the brain which help in reducing pain.

Sneha Basti

It reduces Vata Dosha and also reduces pain in the joint.

Pain O Kill Oil

Do you know Pain O Kill oil gives you 48 times more protein than any other fish oil medication?


  • Antioxidant
  • Protects against UV rays
  • Reduces pain and inflammation in joints
  • Rich in Vitamin, protein and other beneficial nutrients that increase blood flow.
  • 100 % organic and purely vegetarian

Massage on the affected area of shoulder twice a day as per directed.

Why Is Ayurveda Better?

Ayurveda creates a strong bond between the mind and soul. It dignifies the rhythm of life. Ayurveda has no side effects neither for short term or long term. The prime goal of Ayurveda is to help people live a healthy and a balanced life without the need of drugs or surgeries.

Not Satisfied?

Click here to consult Vaidya Jagjit Singh

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Vaidya Jagjit Singh
He is the Director and Chief Ayurved Physician at Chandigarh Ayurved Centre. He pursued his BAMS from Shri Dhanwantri Ayurvedic College, Chandigarh in 1985. He is practising for more than 30 years.
Vaidya Jagjit Singh

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Vaidya Jagjit Singh

Vaidya Jagjit Singh

He is the Director and Chief Ayurved Physician at Chandigarh Ayurved Centre. He pursued his BAMS from Shri Dhanwantri Ayurvedic College, Chandigarh in 1985. He is practising for more than 30 years.

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