ACNE VULGARIS (MUKHADOOSHIKA)

It is an inflammatory disease of the Sebaceous follicles of the skin. These Sebaceous glands produces normal oil called ' Sebum' which increases under the influence of hormones. This oil coupled with insufficient shelding of exfoliating dead skin cells which plugs hair follicles. These plugged follicles become inflamed and have increased growth of bacteria. This condition is marked by papules and pustules called as Acne or Acne Vulgaris.

Acne usually affects or common in adolescents. In Ayurveda, it is called as Mukhadooshika or Yavan Pidika's.

Causes

AAHAR( DIET)
VIHAR( LIFESTYLE)
MANSIK KARANA( MENTAL STATUS)
MEDICATIONS
HERIDITARY
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
Hot
Exposure to pollution & dust     
Stress
Food allergies
Climatic changes ( Seasonal variations)
Spicy
External applications  applications    
Hormonal  Imbalance      
Topical agents 
Dry
Dirty Water
                          
Corticosteroids Therapy
Oily
Unhygienic Clothes
Sour
Astringent foods

Kapha, Vata and Rakta vitiation leads to production of acne on the body especially, affects face, chest and back.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Itching
  • Burning sensation
  • Tenderness
  • Redness
  • Painful pimples or papules (raised lesions)
  • Pustules (pus filled lesions)
  • Cysts (Nodules filled with pus or fluid)

Treatment Strategy

  • Remove follicular obstruction
  • Reduce production of Sebaceous glands
  • Control of Bacterial population

Treatment

  • Avoid the cause
  • Shodhana Chikitsa (Purificatory process) i.e Panchakarma- Vamana and Raktamokshana ( Jalouka)
  • Shamana Chikitsa (internal medications) like
  • Panchatikta Ghrita Guggulu, Haridra khanda, khadiradi vati, Nimbadi kwath tablets, Sheeta sudha, Aloevera juice, Aloevera Gel, Amrita Ras,etc.

  • External application like
  • Lepas

    • For Dry Skin/ Vata Skin- Mukhadooshika vatatvach lepnam
    • For Oily skin /Pitta Skin- Mukhadooshika Pitatvach lepnam
    • For Normal Skin Tone / Kapha skin - Mukhadooshika Kaphatvach lepnam

    Abhyanga

    • Kumkumadi Taila
    • Manjishtha Taila
    • Dwiharidradi Taila etc

Home Remedies

  • Make a mask of corriander , red chandan , vacha, guduchi and kushtha.
  • Paste of Shashtika shali (Rice), manjishtha, guduchi use for external application.
  • Use neem water for bath.
  • For internal use consume haritaki powder with lukewarm water.

Avoid

  • Heavy, dry , oily food stuffs
  • Use boiled water for drinking purpose and avoid polluted one

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